Healthy koi keeping As a beginner it is easy to get the impression that the skill of koi keeping is knowing how to treat health and disease problems. Not true! While this is often seen as proper hands-on fish keeping, the real skill in any kind of fish-keeping lays in preventing  health problems. The skilled koi-keeper is not ..

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Useful conversions are: ppm = mg/litre            i.e.  5 ppm = 5 mg / litre mg / litre  x 3.785 = mg / gall (US)           i.e  5 mg / litre = 18.9 mg / gall (US) mg/ litre x 4.546 = mg / gall (UK)            i.e  5 mg / litre = 22.7 mg / gall (UK) ..

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The treatment of fish disease is a subject fraught with difficulties and misunderstandings. This is in part due to the need to oversimplify of what is a complex subject. In all probability there are as many fish killed, directly or indirectly, by ‘medications’ as there are cured. I am sure that we would all agree ..

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Dimilin, effective against Lernaea (anchor worm) Dimilin is used mainly to control insects on crops and is not licensed for fish use.  The concern is it’s indiscriminant action against aquatic insect life. Such concerns are justified when used in natural environments such as lakes and rivers – but clearly less of a concern in garden ..

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Topical treatments for skin ulcers and lesions When topical treatments are used it is important to thoroughly debride the affected area and remove all necrotic tissue and debris from the lesion. This removes a source of continuing infection and helps the healing process to start. Where there are large areas of ulceration, topical treatments may ..

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Potassium permanganate and fish disease Potassium permanganate is a useful fish disease treatment; acting against a range of protozoan parasites including Trichodina, Costia and Chilodonella, as well as monogenean flukes Gyrodactylus (skin flukes) and Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes). In addition to being an effective anti-parasite treatment, potassium permanganate can also assist with bacterial gill disease and bacterial disease such as skin ulcers. It will ..

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Bacterial disease and medicated food When a bacterial disease has been diagnosed, one treatment option is to use antibiotics. There are three main routes for antibiotic usage; baths, injections and medicated food. Using medicated food is an option that minimises handling and therefore stress – although affected fish may still need topical treatment for moderate ..

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Malachite green and formalin treatments Malachite Green and Formalin are one of the main cornerstones of fish disease treatments having been used for many years against a range of parasites. They can be used together or separately as anti-parasite treatments against as Gyrodactylus  (skin flukes), Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes), Ichthyobodo  (Costia), Trichodina , Chilodonella and Ichthyophthirius (white spot). The dynamic duo of MG&F is ..

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