Dimilin, effective against Lernaea (anchor worm) Dimilin is used mainly to control insects on crops and is not licensed for fish use.  The concern is it’s indiscriminant action against aquatic insect life. Such concerns are justified when used in natural environments such as lakes and rivers – but clearly less of a concern in garden ..

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Topical treatments for skin ulcers and lesions When topical treatments are used it is important to thoroughly debride the affected area and remove all necrotic tissue and debris from the lesion. This removes a source of continuing infection and helps the healing process to start. Where there are large areas of ulceration, topical treatments may ..

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Potassium permanganate and fish disease Potassium permanganate is a useful fish disease treatment; acting against a range of protozoan parasites including Trichodina, Costia and Chilodonella, as well as monogenean flukes Gyrodactylus (skin flukes) and Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes). In addition to being an effective anti-parasite treatment, potassium permanganate can also assist with bacterial gill disease and bacterial disease such as skin ulcers. It will ..

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Bacterial disease and medicated food When a bacterial disease has been diagnosed, one treatment option is to use antibiotics. There are three main routes for antibiotic usage; baths, injections and medicated food. Using medicated food is an option that minimises handling and therefore stress – although affected fish may still need topical treatment for moderate ..

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Malachite green and formalin treatments Malachite Green and Formalin are one of the main cornerstones of fish disease treatments having been used for many years against a range of parasites. They can be used together or separately as anti-parasite treatments against as Gyrodactylus  (skin flukes), Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes), Ichthyobodo  (Costia), Trichodina , Chilodonella and Ichthyophthirius (white spot). The dynamic duo of MG&F is ..

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A natural process that aids fish keepers Nitrification is a biological process during which nitrifying bacteria convert toxic ammonia to less harmful nitrate. All we need to do is provide the right conditions for the nitrifying bacteria to thrive. It is important to bear in mind the potential threat to fish health if nitrification is ..

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Copper sulphate as a fish disease treatment Copper sulphate (sulfate) can be used to treat a range of parasites affecting marine aquarium fish. Protozoan parasites such as Crytocaryon  (marine Ich), Trichodina, Amyloodium  (marine velvet disease) as well as monogenean flukes – Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes) and Gyrodactylus (skin fluke). It is not recommended for treating freshwater fish. Using copper Copper is active against ..

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Salt, a good general disease treatment. Salt has long been the fish-keeper’s treatment standby. Salt works well against many protozoan parasites such as Costia, Trichodina and Chilodonella as well as flukes and other ectoparasites. It can also assist osmoregulation problems caused by bacterial ulcers; help clear congested gills as well as supporting fish suffering from stress. Because it works ..

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