Fish disease treatments are often the main threat Often the biggest threat to koi health are fish disease treatments! How do most disease treatments work? Should you treat the pond or the fish? Whatever you do take precautions. Pond “medications”? There are several considerations when using a pond ‘medication’ but undoubtedly the most basic is ..
Different answers If you ask six people the same question about koi keeping you will get six different answers. Sorting out the facts from the fallacies can be tricky! Beginner beware! In the equipment list I detail some basic equipment but I did not include two most important requirements for successful koi keeping: knowledge and experience. ..
Dimilin, effective against Lernaea (anchor worm) Dimilin is used mainly to control insects on crops and is not licensed for fish use. The concern is it’s indiscriminant action against aquatic insect life. Such concerns are justified when used in natural environments such as lakes and rivers – but clearly less of a concern in garden ..
Potassium permanganate and fish disease Potassium permanganate is a useful fish disease treatment; acting against a range of protozoan parasites including Trichodina, Costia and Chilodonella, as well as monogenean flukes Gyrodactylus (skin flukes) and Dactylogyrus (gill flukes). In addition to being an effective anti-parasite treatment, potassium permanganate can also assist with bacterial gill disease and bacterial disease such as skin ulcers. It will ..
Malachite green and formalin treatments Malachite Green and Formalin are one of the main cornerstones of fish disease treatments having been used for many years against a range of parasites. They can be used together or separately as anti-parasite treatments against as Gyrodactylus (skin flukes), Dactylogyrus (gill flukes), Ichthyobodo (Costia), Trichodina , Chilodonella and Ichthyophthirius (white spot). The dynamic duo of MG&F is ..
Copper sulphate as a fish disease treatment Copper sulphate (sulfate) can be used to treat a range of parasites affecting marine aquarium fish. Protozoan parasites such as Crytocaryon (marine Ich), Trichodina, Amyloodium (marine velvet disease) as well as monogenean flukes – Dactylogyrus (gill flukes) and Gyrodactylus (skin fluke). It is not recommended for treating freshwater fish. Using copper Copper is active against ..
Salt, a good general disease treatment. Salt has long been the fish-keeper’s treatment standby. Salt works well against many protozoan parasites such as Costia, Trichodina and Chilodonella as well as flukes and other ectoparasites. It can also assist osmoregulation problems caused by bacterial ulcers; help clear congested gills as well as supporting fish suffering from stress. Because it works ..
Chloramine-T and fish disease. As chloramine-T dissolves it slowly breaks down to produce hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which in turn releases chlorine and oxygen. There is some uncertainty as to the active species of the breakdown products. Certainly, any chlorine present is liable to have an effect against flukes and parasites such as Costia, Chilodonella, white spot and Trichodina, ..
Fish disease is a complex subject It is often believed that fish are less complex than other animals, and therefore disease diagnosis is simpler. Unfortunately, this is one of the big fish keeping myths! The simple fact is that it is impossible to make a full and accurate diagnosis without carrying out a basic examination ..
When disease is suspected Any unusual behaviour or changes in physical condition often indicate a health problem. As already stated, it is impossible to make a firm diagnosis based purely on ‘symptoms’ or clinical signs. However, careful observation of symptoms helps to reduce the number of possible causes. See clinical signs- a guide to common problems Making ..